Sex Education is vital for all the citizens of a nation as it aims at the cultivation of healthy lifestyles through teaching children the right knowledge on their sexuality. Sex Education is provided by way of books, movies, TV, mass media, local programs and by doctors in private medical institutions. There are many controversies surrounding sex education. These controversies have their own origin and outcome and also depend upon the kind of education provided.
Most of the people do not have any idea about human sexuality. In fact most of them are not aware of the fact that a proper sex education can help them understand the problems and nuances of human sexuality. Sex education is important for all the members of the society, whether they are adolescents or adults. It teaches us how we can develop and maintain healthy relationships with our partner, how to understand ourselves sexually, how to reach orgasm and avoid injuries in the process of lovemaking act and prevent ourselves from being infected by STD.
Sex education in India has been a controversial issue since ages. There have been several debates regarding sex education. The first five years of school education had passed without any efforts to educate people on human sexual behavior. This was the time when masturbation, adult relationship and sex between minor and older age group were not included in the curriculum.
The Sexuality Promotion Bill in India has been a major issue among all the sections of society. The bill targets to promote wholesome sexual matters in the Indian culture and encourage the younger generation to get rid of all kinds of vices including improper behaviors like teenage pregnancy, drug abuse, alcoholism and other sexual matters. The main intention behind the Sexuality Promotion Bill is to bring about a change in the lifestyle of Indian people and create more understanding between them and their partner in order to establish and nurture a better relationship. There are various groups and individuals who support the Sexuality Promotion Bill and they include parents, relatives, educated community, young people, media professionals, peers and so on.
Sex Education in India has been a controversial issue since ages. Various groups and individuals believe that sex education will deteriorate the mental and emotional health of a child. However, there are several researchers who are working towards promoting healthy sexual behaviors through sex education. They have produced many materials and pamphlets which aim to provide information on the consequences of teenage pregnancy, infertility, premarital sex and other sexually transmitted diseases (STD). They have also published books and articles on the pros and cons of practicing safe sex and sexual enhancement.
Sexually transmitted diseases are one of the major threats to the future of Indian youth. With increasing level of awareness, people are trying to practice safe sex. Moreover, there are some good programs and initiatives being taken by the Indian government and private organizations to educate people to prevent pregnancy. The Sexuality and Relationships curriculum introduced in junior high schools and higher secondary schools provide information on reproductive health. It also teaches students how to overcome sexual abuse and seek help if necessary. According to a recent survey conducted, sex education has been found to be useful in reducing the rate of sexual violence against women in the country.